शङ्करं पार्वति नत्वा द्रुष्टवाचेदं वचो ब्रवीत
संगीता शास्त्रम् हे नाथ ! मह्यं वद सुखप्रदम् ||
shankaram pārvathi nathwaa drushtwaachedam vacho braveeth
sangeetha sāsthram he naadha ! mahyam vada sukhapradam ||
Once Pārvathi bowed respectfully to Lord Parameswara and asked. “Oh Lord! Could you please explain about the science and origin of music that gives transcendent bliss to all the creatures in this Universe ? ”.
Lord said to his consort. Hey ! Pārvathi. Please listen carefully. I created the Panchabhoothās and the Saptaswarās that form the base of Sangeetha Sāsthra from my 5 faces.
From the face Sadyojātham, the Swara Gandhāram (Ga) and the element Earth / Prithvi was created. From Prithvi, instruments like Drums or Avanadha Vadyam – Idaikka, Timila, Maddalam , Mridangam which uses animal skin evolved.
From the face Vamadevam, the swara Dhaivatham (Dha) and the element Water / Ap was created. From Ap, instruments like Conch were created.
From the face Aghoram, the swaras Shadjam & Rishabha (Sa and Ri) and the Fire / Thejassu element was created. From the Thejassu, Kaamsya Vaadyas or Gongs – chengila, ilatalam and kuzhitalam were produced.
From the face Thathpurusham, the swara Panchamam and the element Air / Vāyu was created. From Vāyu, Randhra Vaadyas /Sushira Vaadya instruments like Pullaankuzhal (flute), Kombu etc were created.
From the fifth face Eesaanam, the swaras Madhyamam and Nishadam and the element Ether / Akāsham were born. From Akāsham, Stringed instruments or Tata Vadyaas like Veena etc were born.
Saptaswara Devathas and the days they were born
Lord Shiva continues to Parvathi about the birth of these swara devathas on particular weekdays as per the following sloka.
भानु वारे स्वर षड्ज :ऋषभ सोम वारक :
गान्धार कजवारे च मध्यमो बुधवरक :
पञ्चमो गुरुवारे च सुक्रवारे च धैवथ :
निषादो मन्दवारे च शृणु देवी स्वरोथ्भवं
Bhaanu vaare swara Shadja : Rishabha Soma vaaraka:
Gaandhaara Kajavaare cha Madhyamo Budhavaraka:
Panchamo Guruvaare cha Sukravaare cha Dhaivatha :
Nishaado Mandavaarae cha Srunu Devi Swarothbhavam
Swara Devatha Born on Colour of the Swara Emotions/Rasa of Swaras
S Sunday lotus pink Adbutham /Surprise and
Veeram / Valour
R Monday Light Yellow Roudram / Anger
G Tuesday Golden color Shāntham / Peace
M Wednesday White Hāsyam / Humour
P Thursday Black Sringāram / Romance
D Friday Yellow Bheebatsam/Disgust/Fear
N Saturday Chitra Varnam Kindness / Karuna
Great Rishis like Bharatha, Mathanga and the like learned this Sangeetha Sāsthra from Lord Shiva and spread it for the welfare of the entire universe.
Saint Tyagaraja hints the origin of music in his krithis Nada Tanu manisam Sankaram in Raga Chittaranjani where he sings Sadyojaathadi Panchavakthraja SRGMPDN vara sapthaswara.
The Significance of Music
जप कोटि गुणं ध्यानम् – ध्यान कोटि गुणो लय:
लय कोटि गुणं गानं – गानात्परतरं नहि
“ Japa koti gunam dhyaanam – dhyaana koti guno laya:
laya koti gunam gaanam – gaanaathparatharam nahi “
- Doing meditation or dhyaanam just once with a pure mind is equal to chanting a manthra one crore times.
- If you are able to unify yourself or enter the state of absolute laya or consciousness, it will be equal to doing dhyaanam a crore times.
- Singing sweetly just once in perfect alignment with sruthi and layam is equal to unifying yourself with the Absolute Self a crore times.
- There is nothing more superior than the divine music which leads to eternal happiness that bestows both Bhukthi (materialistic) and Mukthi (Salvation).
Courtesy : Sangeetha Damodaram, Sangeetha Makarandam, Sangeetha Kalpadrumam