Sankarabharanam is one of the five grand ragas in the Carnatic System of Music, the other four being Todi, Bhairavi, Kalyani and Kamboji. The raga with its grandeur and majesticity reminds Lord Dakshinamurthy in deep penance. The raga evokes both Sringara and Bhakthi Rasa. The quality of calmness is brought out by the Jeeva Swaram Gandharam, which is very much still as a rock without any oscillation as the Lord in Penance. It is the ROYAL RAGA among the ragas of Carnatic Music commanding great respect ! It has been rightly referred to as ‘Raga Rajasya Melakaha’ in the Chaturdandiprakasika by Venkatamakhi.
The raga is also mentioned in Sangeetha Ratnakaram, Sangeetha Makarandam, Raga Vibodha and Sangeetha Samayasaara. While explaining the diety based swaroopa of the Ragas, Ramamatya in his Raga Vibodha, describes Sankarabharan am as a magnificent and delightful deity who is white in colour , smeared with ashes or the sacred vibhoothi on the forehead, adorned with a garland of lotuses. This resembles Lord Shiva who is white in colour, smeared with ashes and who is adorned with serpents as garlands.
The name Sankharabharanam means the “Aabharana/Ornaments of Lord Sankara”. The Ornaments symbolically represent the five swaras R, G, M, D, and N that emerged from HIS five faces Satyojatham, Thathpurusham, Eesaanam, Vaamadevam and Aghoram. The swaras Sa and Pa are the Prakruthi Swaras or Natural notes.
According to Subbarama Dikshithar the swaras N, G, M and P are the jiva svaras. The gamaka called as Nokku or a stress in the swaras R and D are very similar in the arōhanam. These explicit gamakas bring the exact raga swarūpa. A prolonged anthara gandharam is very chacracteristic of this raga. Very prominent phrases include SD,P – Ṡ NĠṘ ṠN – GMDPMGRS..etc
Sankarabharanam scale is universal. It is named as Pann Pazhampanjuram in ancient Tamil Music, Bilaval in Hindustani and C Major of Western music.
Lyrics will be added soon ..