Raga Pantuvarali is the 51st Mela belonging to the 9th Chakra – The Brahma Chakra. It was designated as Kamavardhini earlier and the name first appeared in Sangraha Choodamani of Govindacharya. Muthuswamy Dikshitar addressed it as Kashiramakriya. In Sanskrit works, Pantuvarali is referred to as Ramakriya. Ramamatya in his Swaramelakalanidhi(1550) mentions Raga Deepakam as a janya of Ramakriya. Tyagaraja immortalised Deepakam with his krithi Kalala Nerchina.
Raga Jhalavarali is the 39th Mela belonging to the 7th Music Chakra. The prefix ‘Jhala’ is added to the raga name in order to suit the katapayadi formula. It is the 4th in the list of 5 Ghana ragams Nata, Gaula, Arabhi and Sree being the other ghana ragas.Noticeably this is the only Ghana raga with Prati Madhyama.
In Mind, body and soul Chakra – Chakra 7 is the Divine Chakra lined up with the heart and the throat chakras, enabling the higher spirit energies to work through ones voice and body. Therapeutically Varali is said to be good for Heart and Skin ailments and gastric problems. This raga is mentioned in many of the earlier texts in the names Varadi, Varati,Varali and Varatika and is said to be more than 1300 years old. It is with this name that it is referred in ancient lakshana grandhas like Sangeeta Makarandha and Sangeeta Ratnakara. It is also said that there was a place called as “Varata Desa” and this melody was prevalent there and hence the name Varati / Varali.
An analysis of the Grand Composition of Muthuswami Dikshithar “Sree Subramanyaya Namasthe “in the Grand Raga Kamboji is attempted in this article. Dikshithar has composed this krithi in 2 Kalai Rupaka Talam. Perhaps, Dikshithar is the only composer who has composed krithis in 2 kalai Rupakam. Kamboji is an ancient raga mentioned in musical treatises like Sangeetha Ratnakaram,Sangeetha Makaranda, Sangeetha Samayasara. The raga has its name “Takkesi” in Tamil Pann and “Kamodari” in Kathakali Sangeetham.
A Carnatic forum named Center for Excellence in Carnatic Music is introduced in facebook where every week focusses on a particular theme in relation to Carantic Music. This forum is an open discussion forum where members can post songs mp3, youtube video, lyrics, notations and all other related information with regard to the theme. Become a member (its free ) and learn more..
How to become a Member
Its quite simple. Search the name Center for Excellence in Carnatic Music in facebook and send a request for membership. After checking the profile of the requested user, membership will be approved by the ADMIN.
This week’s theme is as follows..
14-07-2014-Monday – MuthuSwami Dikshitar- Krithis in Dhruva Tala, Matya Tala, Jhampa Tala, Eka Talam
15-07-2014-Tuesday – MuthuSwami Dikshitar- Krithis in Adi, Rupaka and Chappu Talas
16-07-2014-Wednesday – Tyagarajar-Krithis in Desadi and Madhyadi Talas -( A variety of Adi Tala)
17-07-2014-Thursday – Tyagarajar-Krithis in Rupaka,Chappu, Jhampa,Triputa, Khanda Chappu
18-07-2014-Friday – Syama Sastri- Krithis in Chappu talas
19-07-2014-Saturday- Syama Sastri- Krithis in Adi ,Rupaka, Jhampa,Ata,Khanda Chappu and Eka talas
20-07-2014-Sunday- Member’s Choice on the above theme
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A derivative of Kharaharapriya (Mela 22) belonging to the 4th Music Chakra, Sivaranjini is a hauntingly meloncholic raga usually sung from late evening to midnight(9 PM to 12 AM). A serene Raga like Karaharapriya could give birth to a Raga that gives a totally different feel! The raga can be derived from 3 other melakarta ragams, Gourimanohari, Hemavati or Dharmavati too. This Hindustani scale is also the currently popular scale in Carnatic music.
Mayamalavagowla is the 3rd raga in the 3rd Chakra – The Agni Chakra. Three kinds of fire is stated in the Vedas – Dakshina, Ahvaniya and Garhapadya. The mythological trinity are Brahma, Vishnu and Siva. In Mind, Body and Soul Chakra – Chakra 3 is Sacral or Kundalini Chakra which rules over the pleasure centers. Ragas are believed to affect various “chakras” (energy centers or moods) in the path of the Kundalini. Aptly Mayamalavagowla belongs to the Sacral/Kundalini Chakra. Singing this raga in alignment with the Sruthi and with complete devotion leads to spiritual enlightenment or illumination. It is the 15th Melakarta ragam in the 72 melakarta raga system of Carnatic music.It can be called the gateway to Carnatic music.
Vachaspati is the 4th raga in the 11th Chakra- the Rudra Chakra. The Rudra Chakra marks the 11 Devas headed by Lord Siva (Aja, Dwasha, Ekapada, Triambake,Aparajita, Isana,Tribhuvana, Sambhu, Hara, Rudra and Ahirputniya). It is the 64th Melakarta ragam in the 72 melakarta ragam system of Carnatic music.
The name Vachaspati literally means Lord of Speech. The name is applied especially to Brhaspati, the lord of eloquence. This raga is the pratimadhyama counterpart of Harikamboji-the 28th mela. This is a Gana rasa pradhana raga and a sarva-kalika raga or all time raga. The raga has a totally relaxing and meditating effect. Vachaspati offers interesting mix of emotions, primary bhava being Sringara. This raga has a distinctive melodic entity which is most pleasing for the ear. A very delightful soul stirring raga, Vachaspati comes alive with vibrant emotions and spiritual energy. The raga is addressed as a high energy raga as it invokes a sudden rush of energy flow in the mind of listeners, capable of removing fatigue and promoting relaxation.
Gowrimanohari is the 23rd Melakartha which belongs to the fourth Chakra, the Veda Chakra. Dikshitar school had a different name called Guarivelavali for this raga. Gaurimanohari is a versatile raga which renders a very pleasing effect. The raga gives us unbridled joy and happiness. The raga expresses the feeling of Bhakthi and Sringara and it is an all time raga (sarvakaalika raga).
The meaning of the raga name is interpreted as Gauri(Goddess Parvathy) who steals the heart – (manohari means one who steals the heart). So Gaurimanohari means Gauri who steals the heart. Another version of meaning is ‘one that is as pleasant and beautiful as Gauri’(Manoharam- pleasing)
Raga Arabhi dates back to the 7th century. Among the panns or ragas of ancient Tamil music, it corresponds to the pann, Pazhanthakka. Arabhi is an audava-sampoorna janya of Dheera Shankarabharanam,(the 29th Melakartha Ragam – the fifth Chakra in Music) and the third among the Ghana Pancharatna Ragas. A very auspicious raga, Arabhi predominantly conveys Veera rasa (valour) and at times, Roudra rasa (fury).When you listen to Arabhi, the atmosphere is charged with religious fervour – “Mangalakaramaana Isai” or “Auspicious Music”. Hence Arabhi also conveys the emotion of Devotion or Bhakthi. It is an energetic all-time raga just like its parent Raga Sankarabharanam. Tanam on Veena is particularly enjoyable in this raga.
Sahana is a very popular Carnatic raga, janya of 28th Melakarta Harikambhoji(5th Chakra). The word Sahana is another name for Goddess Lakshmi/ Maa Durga. It also means ‘”Pure and Blissfully Happy”. ” In Kannada the meaning is – a person who have a great knowledge about all things present, past and future ……. Sahana is referred to as ”ranjakatva ubhaya vakra raga which means that the raga is very asthetic and pleasing.Ubhaya Vakra means that the notes in both ascent and descent follow a zig zag pattern. The vakra phrases lends a unique beauty to this raga. It is also classifed as a rakti raga – raga with high melodic content. Sahana is predominantly a “Karuna Rasa Pradhaana Raga– the raga that reflects a mood of pathos.This raga is an exemplary illustration of Daasya Bhakti Bhava-(there are nine ways of serving God..). Compassion due to overflowing love is also represented by this raga.