Brindavana Saranga – A Most Pleasing and Emotional Raga

Brindavana Saranga – A Most Pleasing and Emotional Raga

BrindAvana sArangA , is a desya raga derived from the 22nd mela Kharaharapriya. A minor raga, capable of giving a tranquilizing effect it has the following  arohanam/ avarohanam

arOhaNam: S R2 M1 P N3 S
avarOhaNam: S N2 P M1 R2 G2 R2 S

Ri, Ma and Ni figure both as jiva svara and nyasa svara. Ga is only used sparingly in this rAgam and some books differentiate between brindAvana sArangA and brindAvanI based on the usage of Ga. There is also lot of confusion between the two rAgams based on the usage of Ni. For example, T.M.Krishna in a lecture  demonstration  says Brindavanasaranaga has only Kaishiki nishada and NO kakali . Brindavani as we understand it TODAY has both nishada. there was a time when brindavasarana and brindavani referred to the same raga which had only kaishiki nishada and no kakali nishada.

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8 thoughts on “Brindavana Saranga – A Most Pleasing and Emotional Raga

  1. There is no confusion.

    Brindavanasaranaga has only Kaishiki nishada and NOT kakali as mentioned in your post. Brindavani as we understand it TODAY has both nishada. there was a time when brindavasarana and brindavai referred to the same raga which had only kaishiki nishada and no kakali nishada. if i have said anything thing different from this in my Lec-dem then it is erroneous.

    regards

    T.M.Krishna

    • Dear Sir,

      Welcome to my blog Sir. I am ardent listener of your kutcheri’s and i learn a lot from your songs. I am very greatful to you for giving a feedback in my blog. I have corrected myself and thank you very much for guiding me in the right direction. I am also making the correction in my blog quoting your words.

      Thanks and Regards and Pranams to You

      Anuradha Mahesh

  2. hai anuradha,

    I am impressed very much on ur site.Defenitly vrindavanasaranga is an emotionalraga but we cant elaborate ragalapana more without using kakali nishadam.

    Prof.RAMESH GOVIND RLV college tripunithura

    • Hello Ramesh Sir

      Welcome to my blog. What you have written is purely practical and i agree 100% with you. I leave it to the singers whether to use or not to use Kakali Nishadam extensively in Brindavanasaranga. Most of the songs i hear also have the touch of Kakali Nishadam.

  3. You had asked me a question by email about the arohana and avarohana but i was unable to respond as i have been busy.
    brindavana saranga is SR2M1PN2S/SN2PM1R2S with only Kaishiki nishada
    RGRS prayoga also allowed with sadharna gandhara. there is no kakali nishada.
    Neither does Soundarajam ashraye or even Rangapuravihara have kakali nishada.
    like in many ragas the raga lies far beyond the arohana and avarohana.

    It is very possible to elaborate this raga as it is without the kakali nishada for this one must spend enough time in the raga and then we will truly discover it. There is nothing practical about the fact that you need to use kakali nishada to sing this raga elaborately etc. In fact its only an excuse and easy way out.

    T.M.Krishna

  4. I have been living with this doubt for some years.. If Brindavana Saranga has only Kaisiki Nishadam with Arohanam avarohanam S R2 M1 P N (Kaisiki) S /S N (Kaisiki) P M1 R2 S, then what is the difference between Madhyamavati and Brindavana Saranga? I was thinking Madhyamavathi also has the same Arohanam avarohanam with Kaisiki Nishadam and Brindavana Saranga has Kakali Nishadam. Please clarify.

  5. Hello Srimathi

    Brindavana Saranga is a milder, lighter raga with very flat gamakas – characterised by plain notes. Where as in Madhyamavathi, the Kaishiki Nishada and Chathusruthi Rishaba are heavily gamaka laden. The prayoga rgrs (refer to TM Krishna’s comment) is allowed to be used in Brindavanasaranga whereas there is no such prayoga in Madhyamavathi. These two ragas though they appear to be similar , are really poles apart. Both are janya of Kharaharapriya. In Madhyamavathi Kakali Nishadam is never used.. But more than anything else they need to be ‘felt’… the gamakas make the Ragas different from each other..

  6. Thank you so much for your clarification. These 2 ragas are my all time favorite!!! Nothing can be as divine as Brindavana Saranga.

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